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Facts About Gabon | Gabon Facts Info Stuff

Here are some interesting facts about Gabon - Category: Introduction - Background: Only two autocratic presidents have ruled Gabon since independence from France in 1960. The current president of Gabon, El Hadj Omar BONGO Ondimba - one of the longest-serving heads of state in the world - has dominated the country's political scene for four decades. President BONGO introduced a nominal multiparty system and a new constitution in the early 1990s. However, allegations of electoral fraud during local elections in 2002-03 and the presidential elections in 2005 have exposed the weaknesses of formal political structures in Gabon. Gabon's political opposition remains weak, divided, and financially dependent on the current regime. Despite political conditions, a small population, abundant natural resources, and considerable foreign support have helped make Gabon one of the more prosperous and stable African countries.

Category: Government - Independence: 17 August 1960 (from France)

Category: People - Sex ratio (male(s)/female): at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female; under 15 years: 1.01 male(s)/female; 15-64 years: 1 male(s)/female; 65 years and over: 0.71 male(s)/female; total population: 0.99 male(s)/female (2008 estimate)

Category: Economy - Budget: revenues: .463 billion; expenditures: .746 billion (2008 estimate)

Category: Geography - Natural hazards: NA

Category: Transportation - Pipelines (km): gas 240 km; oil 723 km (2008)

Category: Communications - Telephone system: general assessment: adequate service by African standards and improving with the help of a growing mobile cell network system with multiple providers; mobile-cellular subscribership reached 80 per 100 persons in 2007; domestic: adequate system of cable, microwave radio relay, tropospheric scatter, radiotelephone communication stations, and a domestic satellite system with 12 earth stations; international: country code - 241; landing point for the SAT-3/WASC fiber-optic submarine cable that provides connectivity to Europe and Asia; satellite earth stations - 3 Intelsat (Atlantic Ocean) (2007)

Category: Military - Military service age and obligation (years of age): 20 years of age for compulsory and voluntary military service (2007)

Category: Transnational Issues - Trafficking in persons: current situation: Gabon is predominantly a destination country for children trafficked from other African countries for the purpose of forced labor; girls are primarily trafficked for domestic servitude, forced market vending, forced restaurant labor, and sexual exploitation, while boys are trafficked for forced street hawking and forced labor in small workshops; tier rating: Tier 2 Watch List - Gabon is on the Tier 2 Watch List for its failure to provide evidence of increasing efforts to combat human trafficking in 2007, particularly in terms of efforts to convict and punish trafficking offenders; the government has not reported the convictions or sentences of any trafficking offenders; the government did not take steps to reduce demand for commercial sex acts (2008)

Other random facts about Gabon 

  1. Geography - Terrain: narrow coastal plain; hilly interior; savanna in east and south

  2. Economy - Oil - proved reserves (bbl): 2 billion bbl (1 January 2008 estimate)

  3. Transportation - Merchant marine: registered in other countries: 2 (Cambodia 1, Panama 1) (2008)

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Source: CIA - The World Factbook